Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with numerous linked different types of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by equally sexes. A lot more commonly, pajamas may perhaps refer to several garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of usage at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is employed by numerous persons in India e.g. by Girls of assorted lessons, by Sikh Males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It had been adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Click here Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mix crafted from smooth fabric, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket component usually has a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people opt to slumber or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be alternatively rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly inside the Click here US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes included the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of shorter costume top rated about shorts or limited pants.
Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.